E GORDON ENGLAND
1910 not only saw these new aviation companies but a greater awareness of this new technology amongst the older established branches of engineering. Vickers Sons acquired manufacturing licences as did Maxim Limited and the rush began to recruit the best talent available. At Bristol George Challenger was head hunted to Pelterie Monoplanes by Capt. H F Wood, the French pilots elected to return to France at the end of their contracts and several other technical staff moved on. This left a hole, which was soon filled by the likes of Harry Busteed, Eric Gordon England, James Valentine, Howard Pixton and H R Fleming. Of these, Gordon England showed aptitude as a designer, and was allowed his head.
His primary function nevertheless, was as a staff pilot and one of his first jobs was to fly a T-type biplane on the Circuit of Britain race, he also did demonstration tours with Graham Gilmour co-piloting the Bristol Boxkite.
One of his first designs was the re-design of the T-type, which he turned into a tractor biplane with a 60 hp E.N.V. engine. This machine was numbered 59 and called the Challenger-England. It was not particularly successful apart from an innovative pressure fed fuel system to prevent air bubbles at the carburettor. This machine was dismantled in 1912 after taxiing into the crowd at a show and killing one spectator.
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